Cannabis is not only the most abused dubious drug in the us (Gold, Frost-Pineda, & Jacobs, 2004; NIDA, 2010) it is in fact the most mistreated against the law drug worldwide (UNODC, 2010). In the Unified States it is a schedule-I substance which means that it is officially considered as having no medical use and it is highly addictive (US DEA, 2010). Doweiko (2009) explains not all hashish has abuse potential. This individual therefore suggests using the common terminology marijuana when referring to cannabis with abuse potential. For the sake of clarity this terminology is employed in this paper as well. thc
Today, marijuana is at the forefront of international hot debate debating the appropriateness of its widespread illegitimate position. In many Union areas it may be legalized for medical purposes. This trend is known as “medical marijuana” and is strongly congratulated by advocates while concurrently loathed harshly by adversaries (Dubner, 2007; Nakay, the year of 2007; Van Tuyl, 2007). It really is in this context it turned out decided to choose the topic of the physical and medicinal associated with marijuana for the basis with this research article.
What is pot?
Marijuana is a flower more effectively called hashish sativa. As mentioned, some cannabis sativa plants do not have abuse potential and are called hemp. Hemp can be used widely for various fiber products including newspaper and artist’s painting. Cannabis sativa with maltreatment potential is what we call marijuana (Doweiko, 2009). It can be interesting to be aware that although widely studies for many years, there exists a lot that researchers can still do not know about marijuana. Neuroscientists and biologists really know what the consequence of weed are nevertheless they can still do not fully understand why (Hazelden, 2005).
Deweiko (2009), Gold, Frost-Pineda, & Jacobs (2004) point away that of approximately 4 hundred known chemicals found in the cannabis plants, analysts know over sixty that are believed to have psychoactive effects on the human brain. The most recognized and potent of these is??? -9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. Like Hazelden (2005), Deweiko states that while we know many of the neurophysical effects of THC, the reasons THC produces these effects are unclear.
As a psychoactive substance, THC immediately influences the central anxious system (CNS). It influences a massive range of neurotransmitters and catalyzes other biochemical and enzymatic activity as well. The CNS is stimulated when the THC activates specific neuroreceptors in the brain triggering the various emotional and physical reactions that will be expounded on more specifically further on. The sole substances that can activate neurotransmitters are chemicals that mimic chemicals that the mind produces obviously. The fact that THC stimulates brain function educates scientists that the brain has natural cannabinoid pain. It is still ambiguous why humans have natural cannabinoid receptors and how they work (Hazelden, 2004; Martin, 2004). What we do know is that marijuana will stimulate cannabinoid receptors up to 20 times more actively than some of the body’s natural neurotransmitters ever could (Doweiko, 2009).
Probably the biggest mystery of all is the romantic relationship between THC and the neurotransmitter serotonin. Serotonin pain are among the most stimulated by all psychoactive drugs, but most specifically alcohol and nicotine. Indie of marijuana’s relationship with the chemical, serotonin is already slightly understood neurochemical and its supposed neuroscientific roles of functioning and purpose are still typically hypothetical (Schuckit & Tapert, 2004). What neuroscientists have found definitively is that marijuana smokers have very high amounts of serotonin activity (Hazelden, 2005). I would hypothesize that it can be this relationship between THC and serotonin that explains the “marijuana maintenance program” of obtaining abstinence from liquor and allows marijuana those that smoke to avoid painful drawback symptoms and avoid urges from alcohol. The usefulness of “marijuana maintenance” for aiding alcohol abstinence is not scientific but is a phenomenon I have personally witnessed with numerous clients.
Interestingly, marijuana copies so many neurological reactions of other drugs that it is extremely difficult to classify in a particular class. Researchers will put it in any of these categories: psychedelic; hallucinogen; or serotonin inhibitor. It has properties that mimic similar chemical responses as opioids. Other chemical responses imitate stimulants (Ashton, 2001; Platinum, Frost-Pineda, & Jacobs, 2004). Hazelden (2005) classifies cannabis in its own special class – cannabinoids. The explanation for this confusion is the complexity of the numerous psychoactive properties found within marijuana, both known and unknown. One recent customer I saw could not cure the visual effects he suffered because of this of pervasive psychedelic use as long as having recently been still smoking marijuana. This kind of seemed to be because of this of the psychedelic properties found within active hashish (Ashton, 2001). While not strong enough to produce these visual distortions on its own, marijuana was strong enough to prevent the brain from treating and recovering.